Afghanistan Colonial Records
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British Colonization (1838-1919)[edit | edit source]
In 1838, the British marched into Afghanistan and arrested Dost Mohammad, sent him into exile in India and replaced him with the previous ruler, Shah Shuja. Following an uprising, the 1842 retreat from Kabul of British-Indian forces and the annihilation of Elphinstone's army, and the Battle of Kabul that led to its recapture, the British placed Dost Mohammad Khan back into power and withdrew their military forces from Afghanistan. With the signing of the Treaty of Rawalpindi on 19 August 1919, King Amanullah Khan declared Afghanistan a sovereign and fully independent state. 
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References[edit | edit source]
- Wikipedia contributors, "Afghanistan," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghanistan#Barakzai_dynasty_and_British_wars, accessed 18 November 2020.