9th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Smith's) (Pee Dee Legion)

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9th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Smith's) (Pee Dee Legion)

Brief History[edit | edit source]

The 9th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry was organized in the summer of 1861. It is also known as Nesbit's Battalion South Carolina Infantry, Smith's Battalion South Carolina Volunteers, Captain Grainger's Company South Carolina Volunteers, the Hory Battalion, and the Pee Dee Legion or Pee Dee Rifles. There were 7 companies. In September 1862 the 9th Battalion Intantry was merged with the 6th (Byrd's) Battalion South Carolina Infantry to form the 26th Regiment South Carolina Infantry.[1][2][3]

 Companies in this Battalion with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Company A - (also known as the Bull Creek Guerillas) - Horry District (County)  
Company B - many men from Chesterfield District (County)
Company C - (also known as the Irby Rifles) - many men from Marlboro District (County)
Company D - (also known as the Watchesaw Rifles)- many men from Horry District (County)  All Saints Waccamaw area. A few from men from; Beaufort District,(County), Darlington District (County)), Charleston District (County) and Anderson District (County) 
Company E - (also known as the Chesterfield Eagles and Carolina Cavalry) - many men from Chesterfield District (County)
Company F - many men from Darlington District (County)
Company G - (also known as the Eutaw Rifles) -many men from  Horry District (County)and Georgetown District (County)

Company names, nicknames and county of origin located in Seigler's book[3], and Steve Batson's website.[4]

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 636 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.

Other Source Material[edit | edit source]

  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army as their main source for the regiment history. Crute's book contains no history for this unit. FHL book 973 M2crua, Available also through these libraries: WorldCat.
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 7 Companies (A-G) listed. Available at these libraries: Worldcat.
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008, 79-83. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 1. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina, microfilm publication M267. (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958). These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription ($) website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  2. "9th Infantry Battalion Pee Dee Legion)". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/22/2010. Lists a brief battalion history.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), p 79-84.FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 1. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.
  4. "South Carolina Infantry Battalions - 9th Battalion South Carolina Infantry". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010. This Internet site lists officers of the regiment and companies; also gives some dates and brief information.