8th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
Brief History =[edit | edit source]
The 8th Regiment South Carolina Infantry was also known as the 8th Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers. It was organized for twelve months of service on April 13, 1861 with ten companies, A to K at Marion, South Carolina. It was reorganized for the War, May 13, 1862 with two additional companies, L and M. About April 9, 1865, the 8th Regiment South Carolina infantry was consolidated with the 3rd Regiment South Carolina Infantry, the 3rd Battalion South Carolina Infantry and a part of Blanchard's South Carolina Reserves and formed the new 3rd Regiment South Carolina Infantry. This unit surrendered with the Army of Tennessee.
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
- Company A - (also known as the Darlington Rifles or Darlington Rifleman) - many men from Darlington District (County) - RosterRoster (one name)
- Company B - (also known as Chesterfield Rifles) - many men from Chesterfield District (County) - Roster
- Company C - (also known as Chesterfield Guards) - many men from Chesterfield District (County) (the first company to be raised in Chesterfield) - Roster
- Company E - (also known as the Timmonsville Minute Men) - many men from Darlington District (County) - Roster
- Company F - (also known as the Darlington Grays) - many men from Darlington District (County) (from the towns of Society Hill, Doversville, Lydia and Stokes Bridge) - Roster
- Company G - (also known as the Marlboro Guards and Harrington's Company) - many men from Marlboro District (County) - Roster, Roster
- Company H - (also known as Jeffrey (or Jeffries) Creek Guards) - many men from Marion District (County) (now in the eastern section of Florence County) - Roster, Roster (one name)
- Comapny I (also known as the Marion Guards (Seigler states it was a "color company") - many men from Marion District (County) - Roster
- Company K - (also known as the McQueen Guards) - many men from Marlboro District (County)- Roster, Roster
- Company L - (also known as the Spartan Band) - many men from Marion District (County) (a few were from Darlington District (County) and North Carolina) - Roster
The names of companies, nicknames, county of origin are taken from Seigler's book, Steve Batson's website, Access Genealogy website, and from Eastern Digital Resources website. First listed rosters are from the Access Genealogy website and the 2nd roster is listed from Eastern Digital Resources.
Other Sources[edit | edit source]
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘South Carolina in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- South Carolina in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for South Carolina, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- "The 8th South Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment". Charles W. Watson, eHistory Internet site, accessed 12/17/2010. Gives a history about the Regiment. This Regiment was a part of Kershaw's Brigade.
- "Volunteers in the Confederate Army from Marion County, SC. South Carolina GenWeb Internet site, accessed 12/28/2010. Lists some information about the South Carolina Eighth Regminet Infantry.
- 8th South Carolina Volunter Infantry. Internet site,accessed 12/28/2010. Lists a brief history, battles, officers and rosters for the companies.
- Dickert, D Augustus. History of Kershaw's Brigade : With Complete Roll of Companies, Biographical Sketches, Incidents, Anecdotes, etc (Dayton, Ohio: Press of Morningside Bookshop, 1976), 583 pages. Includes a description of activities of Kershaw's Brigade in the South Carolina 8th Infantry Regiment. Includes a roster on pages 545-583. Digital Copies at Google andInternet Archives.FHL book 975.7 M2d 1976 and fiche 6082618Book also available through these libraries.
- Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 12 Companies (A-I, K-M) listed. Available at these libraries: Worldcat.
- Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina : The History Press, c2008, 63-77. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 1. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.
References[edit | edit source]
- Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), p 63-78.FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 1. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with
- Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina, microfilm publication M267. (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958). These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
- Joseph H. Crute. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987).FHL book 973 M2crua. Availabe at National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed December 2010).
- "South Carolina Civil War Rosters". Access Genealogy. Internet site, accessed 1/6/2011.Lists company officers and rosters.
- "8th Infantry Regiment". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/22/2010. Lists a brief Regiment History and Company Rosters for A, G, H, K.
- "Eighth South Carolina Infantry Regiment". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010. This website lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in. The site gives the county of organization and nicknames listed.