1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
Brief History[edit | edit source]
1st Regiment South Carolina Infantry, 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment, 1st South Carolina Infantry Regulars, "Anderson's First," "First Regulars," "The Enlisted Men". Authorized in the Army of South Carolina 1 January 1861; company commanders confirmed by the Senate on 19 January 1861; assembled 6 February 1861 initially with 8 companies, later increased to 10 companies; mustered into Confederate service 17 May 1861, with companies A-H, with companies I and K added in early 1862; reorganized on 15 June 1863 as 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment; surrendered 26 April 1865 at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina, as part of the forces under General Joseph E. Johnston .
Joseph H. Crute, Jr.'s book, "Units of the Confederate States Army", contains no history for this unit. This regiment most likely transferred into another regiment or was combined with another regiment to create a new regiment, or is another name for an existing regiment. Looking at the service records of the soldiers may give clues to the different regiments they may have served in.
This Regiment may be confused with the 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (6 months, 1861).
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
- Company A - (also known as Beauregard Artillery); originally B Company, "2nd Company".
- Company B - originally E Company, "5th Company".
- Company C -
- Company D - (also known as Calhoun Light Infantry)
- Company E -
- Beauregard Battery -
- Company F-
- Company G -
- Company H -
- Company K - (also known as Bamberg Guards or Bamberg Volunteers); organized from E Company
Other Sources[edit | edit source]
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘South Carolina in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- South Carolina in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for South Carolina, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls).
- Armstrong, James. Carolina light infantry's record in the Great War : the story of a gallant company, most of the members of which were boys in years though inspired with the spirit of heroes. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990). Includes a description of activities of 1st South Carolina Infantry Regiment (Confederate) in some of their battles. Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN fiche 6082621.
- Ash, Stephen V. Firebrand of liberty : the story of two black regiments that changed the course of the Civil War, (New York, New York : W.W. Norton, c2008). Includes bibliographical references and index. Available online at Google Books, (accessed 16 Feb 2011). Also available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN book 975.7 M2as.
- Bingham, Luther Goodyear; Bingham, Luther Melancthon. The young quartermaster : the life and death of Lieut. L.M. Bingham, of the First South Carolina Volunteers. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1994) FHL fiche 6118613
- Brunson, Joseph Woods. Pee Dee Light Artillery of Maxcy Gregg's (later Samuel McGowan's) brigade, first South Carolina volunteers (infantry) C. S. A., a historical sketch and roster : to which has been added the rosters of the three Pee Dee infantry companies (from Darlington, Horry and Marion counties) which were supported by the Pee Dee artillery (1st Co. D South Carolina Infantry Regiment. (University, Alabama : Confederate Pub., c1983), FHL book 975.7 M2bjr
- Caldwell, James F. J. The history of a brigade of South Carolinians, known first as Gregg's brigade and subsequently as McGowan's brigade. Microfiche of original published: Philadelphia : King & Baird, Printers, 1866. 247 p., Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990. Google Books, FHL film 1421970 Item 4, FHL fiche 6082619 (3 fiche).
- Confederate States of America. Army. South Carolina Infantry Regiment, 1st. The Irish Volunteers memorial meeting and Military Hall festival, October-November, 1877 : together with a brief sketch of the company, 1801-1878. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990). Includes a roster on pages 36-38. Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN fiche 6082620.
- Izlar, William Valmore. A sketch of the war record of the Edisto Rifles, 1861-1865 : Company A, 1st Regiment, S. C. V. Infantry, Colonel Johnson Hagood, provisional Army of the Confederate states, 1861-1862; Company G, 25th Regiment, S. C. V. Infantry, Colonel Charles H. Simonton, Confederate States Army, 1862-1865. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990), FHL fiche 6082623 and (Camden, South Carolina : J.J. Fox, 1990), FHL book 975.7 M2iw
- Mixson, Frank M. Reminiscences of a private. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990), FHL fiche 6082624
- Powe, James Harrington. Reminiscences & sketches of Confederate times. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990), FHL fiche 6082625
- Salley, A. S. South Carolina Troops in Confederate Service ( Columbia, S.C. : R.L. Bryan Co., 1913-1930), 3 Volumes. Compiled from muster rolls, pay rolls and returns in the United States War Department. Includes indexes in each volume : First regiment, S.C. Infantry (Regulars); First regiment, S.C.V. --
Volume II : Second regiment, S.C.V. ; Third regiment, S.C.V. ; Fourth regiment, S.C.V. --
Volume III : Fifth regiment, S.C.V. Digital copy at FHL 982339. Book or microfilm at Other Libraries
- Taylor, Susie King. Reminiscences of my life in camp with the 33rd United States Colored Troops, late 1st S.C. Volunteers. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1994), FHL Fiche 6118615
References[edit | edit source]
- 1st Regiment South Carolina Infantry, (accessed 12 Apr 2011).