1st Regiment, Louisiana Heavy Artillery (Regulars)(Confederate)
Brief History[edit | edit source]
This unit was organized 5 February 1861 and was part of the Louisiana State Army, later transferred to the Confederate Regular Army. The regiment was headquartered at the New Orleans Barracks, but companies served at various forts defending New Orleans. In May of 1862, the regiment was ordered to Vicksburg where they fought until;surrender in July 1863. Grant, not wanting to care for 30,000 prisoners of war, immediately paroled the unit. By January 1864, the regiment was in Mobile, Alabama. After brief stints in Meridian and Tupelo Mississippi, the unit returned to Mobile and garrisoned the batteries until surrender 8 May 1865 at Cuba Station, Alabama. The men were paroled at Meridian as part of Taylor's army.
"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first. Many Louisiana units were known by a local designation or nickname. Follow both the regiment and company name as well as other organizational names. 
Other Sources[edit | edit source]
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘Louisiana in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Louisiana in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Louisiana, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
References[edit | edit source]
- Arthur W. Bergeron, Jr. Guide to Louisiana Confederate Military Units 1861-1865. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1989, pp.8–9.
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 6 December 2010).
- Andrew B. Booth, compiler. Records of Louisiana Confederate Soldiers and Louisiana Confederate Commands. New Orleans, Louisiana: Privately printed, 1920.