1st Consolidated Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
Brief History[edit | edit source]
The 2nd Arkansas Infantry was organized at Helena, Arkansas, in June 1861, largely through the efforts of Thomas Carmichael Hindman, who had recently resigned from the United States Congress following the secession of Arkansas from the Union.
Initially organized with ten companies from eastern and central Arkansas, the 2nd Arkansas Infantry was briefly expanded to a 22-company organization called the “Hindman Legion”
– consisting of the 2nd Regiment Arkansas Infantry,
-1st (Marmaduke’s) Battalion Arkansas Infantry,
-6th (Phifer’s) Battalion Arkansas Cavalry, and the
-Warren Light Artillery (Swett’s Mississippi Battery).
The Legion was subsequently broken up, and the component units resumed their original organization.
As a result of losses in the Battle of Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862),
-Companies C and E were disbanded and consolidated with other companies.
A new Company C was recruited as Marianna, and
a new Company E was formed from members of the 11th Arkansas Infantry who had escaped capture at the fall of Island No. 10
The 2nd Arkansas Infantry was part of Cleburne’s Division in the Confederate Army of Tennessee for much of the war. ,
the severely depleted regiment was consolidated with the remnants of other Arkansas regiments to form the 1st Arkansas Consolidated Infantry.
The survivors of the 2nd Arkansas Infantry surrendered at Greensboro, North Carolina, on April 26, 1865. –
Two of the regiment’s officers, Thomas C. Hindman and Daniel C. Govan, were promoted to general. In March 1865
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
Other Sources[edit | edit source]
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in 'Arkansas in the Civil War' and 'United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865' (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Arkansas in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Tennessee, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.