12th Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War)

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Brief History[edit | edit source]

The 12th Regiment was formed in February 1777. Companies recruited men from Hampshire, Berkeley, Botetourt, Dunmore, and Prince Edward counties. State Troops recruited men from Botetourt, Augusta, Hampshire, and Frederick counties and West Augusta District. Field officers at Valley Forge were Colonel James Wood,[1] Lt. Colonel John Neville, and Major George Slaughter.[2]

Colonels[edit | edit source]

  • 1776-1778 - Colonel James Wood in command 12 Nov 1776 to 14 Sep 1778[3]

Companies [4][edit | edit source]

1st Company - Captain Andrew Waggoner or Waggener - many men from Augusta County
2nd Company - Captain Benjamin Casey - many men from Hampshire County
3rd Company - Captain Stephen Ashby - many men from Hampshire County
4th Company - Captain Michael Bowyer[5] - many men from West Augusta District
5th Company - Captain Matthew Arbuckle - many men from Botetourt County
6th Company - Captain William McKee - many men from Rockbridge County
7th Company - Captain Jonathan Langdon - many men from Dunmore County (Shenandoah County)
8th Company - Captain Joseph Mitchell - many men from Berkeley County or Augusta County
9th Company - Captain Rowland Madison - many men from Prince Edward or Botetourt County
10th Company - Captain Thomas Bowyer - many men from Botetourt County

Other Officers[edit | edit source]

  • Captain William Vause[6]
  • Captain Andrew Wallace[7]

Other Sources[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia has more about this subject: 12th Virginia Regiment

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "James Wood (1748-1823) was an officer in the Revolutionary army, married Mary, daughter of James Garland, of North Garden, and removed to Garrard County, Kentucky, where he had a family of twelve children." See Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia: Giving Some Account of What It Was by Nature, of What It Was Made by Man, and of Some of the Men Who Made It (Charlottesville, Va.: The Michie Company Printers, 1901), 352.
  2. "12th Virginia Regiment," Valley Forge Legacy: The Muster Roll Project, http://valleyforgemusterroll.org/regiments/va12.asp, accessed 23 January 2012.
  3. F.B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution, April, 1775, to December, 1783 (Washington, D.C.: W.H. Lowdermilk and Co., 1893), 54. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  4. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 69. FHL Book 975.5 M2s; 12th Virginia Regiment at Valley Forge Legacy: The Muster Roll Project.
  5. Capt. Bowyer came from Augusta County. See Joseph A. Waddell, Annals of Augusta County, Virginia (Richmond, Va.: Wm. Ellis Jones, Book and Job Printer, 1886), 148.
  6. 12th Virginia Regiment at Valley Forge Legacy: The Muster Roll Project.
  7. 12th Virginia Regiment at Valley Forge Legacy: The Muster Roll Project.